BASSWOOD (Tilia americana)
The sapwood of basswood is usually quite large and creamy white in color, merging into the heartwood which is pale to reddish brown, sometimes with darker streaks. The wood has a fine uniform texture and indistinct grain that is straight.
Basswood machines well and is easy to work with hand tools, making it a premier carving wood. It nails, screws, and glues fairly well and can be sanded, stained, and polished to a good smooth finish. It dries fairly rapidly with little distortion or degrade. It has a fairly large shrinkage but good dimensional stability when dry.
The wood is light and soft with generally low strength properties and a poor steam bending classification.
Non-resistant to heartwood decay, sapwood is liable to attack by the common furniture beetle. The wood is permeable for preservation treatment.
Carving, turning, furniture, pattern-making, mouldings, interior joinery and musical instruments. An important specialized use is Venetian blinds.