Red elm has a greyish white to light brown narrow sapwood, with heartwood that is reddish brown to dark brown in color. The grain can be straight, but is often interlocked. The wood has coarse texture.
The wood of red elm is fairly easy to work, it nails, screws and glues well, and can be sanded, stained and polished to a good finish. It dries well with minimum degrade and little movement in performance.
Elm is moderately heavy, hard and stiff with excellent bending and shock resistance. It is difficult to split because of its interlocked grain.
Rated as non-resistant to heartwood decay, and classed as permeable to preservatives.
Furniture, cabinet making, flooring, internal joinery, panelling and coffins.